COVALENT BONDING REVIEW

 

1. How many electrons are shared by a single bond?

 

2. What type of elements form covalent bonds?

 

3. The type of covalent bonding in which two atoms share their electrons evenly is described as _____________.

 

4. How many electrons are shared by a double bond?

 

5. The type of covalent bonding in which two atoms share electrons unevenly resulting in slightly positive and slightly negative regions of the molecule is called _______________.

 

6. A term that describes an atom's degree of pull for shared electrons is _______________.

 

7. A group of covalently bonded atoms possessing a positive or negative charge is called a(n) _______________.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Choose from these*: O2 Cl2 H2O CO2 CH4 NH3 N2

 

8. has a tetrahedral shape

 

9. has a triple covalent bond

 

10. two unshared electron pairs on the central atom results in a polar molecule with a bent shape

 

11. no unshared electron pairs on the central atom results in a triatomic linear molecule

 

12. one unshared electron pair on the central atom results in a trigonal pyramid shape

 

13. diatomic linear molecule is nonpolar with a single bond

 

* one of these choices is not used

 


IONIC BONDING REVIEW
Part 1 - Complete each of the following sentences by filling in the appropriate word or phrase  from the list below.
                negative                    noble gas                        octet                        anion
                positive                     electrons                         ions                         cation
                electron configuration

1.  An ionic bond is an attraction between oppositely charged ____________________.
2.  Anions have a ____________________ charge.
3.  An atom becomes an ion by losing or gaining ____________________.
4.  The ____________________ rule states that atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acquire a
     full set of valence electrons.

5.  When sodium and chlorine form an ionic bond, both ions acquire the electron configuration of a(n)
     ____________________.

Part 2 - If the statement is true, write "truue".  If it is false, change the underlined word or words to make it true.  Write your answer on the line.

____________________ 6.  Calcium becomes a cation by gaining two electrons.
____________________ 7.  A cation has a positive charge.
____________________ 8.  A sodium ion is smaller in size than a sodium atom.
____________________ 9.  The Lewis dot diagram for chlorine, a group 17 element, has six dots around it.
____________________ 10.  An aluminum ion has a charge of +3 because it gains three electrons.

Part 3 - How many electrons will the following elements gain or lose in forming an ion?

11.  calcium 12.  aluminum

13.  fluorine 14.  oxygen

Part 4 - What will be the formula of the ion formed when the following elements gain or lose valence electrons and attain noble gas configurations?

15.  sulfur                                                   16.  fluorine

17.  sodium                                                 18.  barium

Part 5 - Write the electron configuration for the following ions:

19.  Ca+2 20.  Al+3

21.  F-1 22.  O-2

23.  S-2 24.  Na+1

25. Ba+2 26.  K+1

27.  N-3


LEWIS STRUCTURES 1

1.    SiF4

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

2.    BF3  





Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

3.    NH3

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

4.    H2O

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

5.    CHBr3

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

6.    HI

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

7.    SO3

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

8.    AsCl3

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

9.    H2S

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

10.    SeH2

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

11.    PO4-3

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

12.    NO2-1

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

13.    ClO3-1

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

14.    HCN

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

15.    PI3

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

 


LEWIS STRUCTURES 2

1.    OF2

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

2.    GeI4

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

3.    SCl2

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

4.    SeO2

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

5.    SO3

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

6.    NH4+1

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

7.    ONCl

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

8.    CO2

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

9.    SO4-2

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

10.    ICl

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

11.    CH2Cl2

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

12.    H3O+1

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

13.    N2

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

14.    ClO-1

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

15.    CH2O

 

 

Polarity:
Class:
Shape:

 


Unit 6 Review Worksheet

1. Individual atoms of elements are ( more / less ) stable than when they are combined with
     other elements.

2. What is the difference between ionic and covalent bonding?

3. What is the cut-off number for the difference in electronegativity to determine whether a
     bond is ionic or covalent?

4. Between what types of elements does ionic bonding occur?

5. Between what types of elements does polar covalent bonding occur? Nonpolar covalent?

6. What should you do with any left over electrons when drawing Lewis structures?

7. What should you do if you have used all of the electrons and the central atom still does not
     have 8 electrons?

8. How can you tell which is the central atom by looking at the chemical formula?

9. What two (2) requirements must a molecule meet in order to be considered nonpolar?

10. What do A, B, and E stand for when determining the class of a molecule?

11. What does the subscript 2 mean in the class AB2E?

12. Which classes of molecules have a bent shape?

13. Which class of molecules has a linear shape?

14. Which class has a tetrahedral shape?

15. Which class has a trigonal planar shape?

16. Which class has a trigonal pyramid shape?

17. What is the smallest unit of an ionic compound called? A covalent compound?

18. Which type of compound has low melting points?

19. Which type of compound dissolves in water?

20. Which type of compound conducts electricity when melted?

21. Which type of compound occurs as liquids, gases, or non-crystalline solids?

22. What are the four types of intermolecular forces?

23. Between which types of compounds do these intermolecular forces occur?

24. Arrange the following in order of increasing strength:
        (A) hydrogen bonding (B) covalent bonding (C) dipole-dipole forces
(D) London dispersion forces (E) dipole-induced dipole forces

25. For each of the following compounds, draw the Lewis structure. Then tell the molecular polarity,
       class, and shape of the molecule. Also tell the type(s) of IM forces that occur within
       a sample of that compound.
                (A)            SiF4
                (B)             SBr2
                (C)             NH3
                (D)            SO3
                (E)             SiO2
(F) SeS2

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